With a focus on water resources, the project aimed at enhancing capacity for adaptation to, and mitigation of climate change in Kibera, Nairobi, Kenya by Piloting technology transfer for secure access to safe drinking water in a changing climate while reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The location for the project is Kibera slum, which has been selected because of the great need for climate adaptation solutions related to the provision of safe water. Kibera is a neighbourhood and division of Nairobi, Kenya. Later in the project, adjustment was made to the project and the target location was expanded to include the Tumaini areas of Meru. The project’s primary goal was to build local adaptive capacity for households to cope with the impacts of climate change on water quality. The primary objective was to secure access to safe water supply in a changing climate. Secondary objective was to build capacity for reduction of per household greenhouse emissions.
Climate change is exacerbating the rates of gastrointestinal and diarrheal infections, which result from contaminated water due to the increased frequency of floods and droughts in the country. This is particularly difficult for low-income urban settlements to deal with because capacity is low and the areas are highly exposed to the impacts of climate change namely; droughts and floods.
The high poverty rates, poor quality of water infrastructure which is not able to withstand the floods and the inadequate sanitation situation in the congested neighbourhoods of Kibera which contributes to open faecal disposal produces a combination of factors which render the residents extremely vulnerable to the impacts of climate change.